Sequencing a mouse acute promyelocytic leukemia genome reveals genetic events relevant for disease progression.

J Clin Invest. 2011 Mar 23. pii: 45284. doi: 10.1172/JCI45284. [Epub ahead of print]


Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It is characterized by the t(15;17)(q22;q11.2) chromosomal translocation that creates the promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor ? (PML-RARA) fusion oncogene. Although this fusion oncogene is known to initiate APL in mice, other cooperating mutations, as yet ill defined, are important for disease pathogenesis. To identify these, we used a mouse model of APL, whereby PML-RARA expressed in myeloid cells leads to a myeloproliferative disease that ultimately evolves into APL. Sequencing of a mouse APL genome revealed 3 somatic, nonsynonymous mutations relevant to APL pathogenesis, of which 1 (Jak1 V657F) was found to be recurrent in other affected mice. This mutation was identical to the JAK1 V658F mutation previously found in human APL and acute lymphoblastic leukemia samples. Further analysis showed that JAK1 V658F cooperated in vivo with PML-RARA, causing a rapidly fatal leukemia in mice. We also discovered a somatic 150-kb deletion involving the lysine (K)-specific demethylase 6A (Kdm6a, also known as Utx) gene, in the mouse APL genome. Similar deletions were observed in 3 out of 14 additional mouse APL samples and 1 out of 150 human AML samples. In conclusion, whole genome sequencing of mouse cancer genomes can provide an unbiased and comprehensive approach for discovering functionally relevant mutations that are also present in human leukemias.


Wartman LD, Larson DE, Xiang Z, Ding L, Chen K, Lin L, Cahan P, Klco JM, Welch JS, Li C, Payton JE, Uy GL, Varghese N, Ries RE, Hoock M, Koboldt DC, McLellan MD, Schmidt H, Fulton RS, Abbott RM, Cook L, McGrath SD, Fan X, Dukes AF, Vickery T, Kalicki J, Lamprecht TL, Graubert TA, Tomasson MH, Mardis ER, Wilson RK, Ley TJ.