The common marmoset genome provides insight into primate biology and evolution.

Nat Genet. 2014 Jul 20. doi: 10.1038/ng.3042. [Epub ahead of print]


We report the whole-genome sequence of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). The 2.26-Gb genome of a female marmoset was assembled using Sanger read data (6×) and a whole-genome shotgun strategy. A first analysis has permitted comparison with the genomes of apes and Old World monkeys and the identification of specific features that might contribute to the unique biology of this diminutive primate, including genetic changes that may influence body size, frequent twinning and chimerism. We observed positive selection in growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor genes (growth pathways), respiratory complex I genes (metabolic pathways), and genes encoding immunobiological factors and proteases (reproductive and immunity pathways). In addition, both protein-coding and microRNA genes related to reproduction exhibited evidence of rapid sequence evolution. This genome sequence for a New World monkey enables increased power for comparative analyses among available primate genomes and facilitates biomedical research application.


The Marmoset Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium. Worley KC, Warren WC, Rogers J, Locke D, Muzny DM, Mardis ER, Weinstock GM, Tardif SD, Aagaard KM, Archidiacono N, Rayan NA, Batzer MA, Beal K, Brejova B, Capozzi O, Capuano SB, Casola C, Chandrabose MM, Cree A, Dao MD, de Jong PJ, Del Rosario RC, Delehaunty KD, Dinh HH, Eichler EE, Fitzgerald S, Flicek P, Fontenot CC, Fowler RG, Fronick C, Fulton LA, Fulton RS, Gabisi RA, Gerlach D, Graves TA, Gunaratne PH, Hahn MW, Haig D, Han Y, Harris RA, Herrero J, Hillier LW, Hubley R, Hughes JF, Hume J, Jhangiani SN, Jorde LB, Joshi V, Karakor E, Konkel MK, Kosiol C, Kovar CL, Kriventseva EV, Lee SL, Lewis LR, Liu YS, Lopez J, Lopez-Otin C, Lorente-Galdos B, Mansfield KG, Marques-Bonet T, Minx P, Misceo D, Moncrieff JS, Morgan MB, Nazareth LV, Newsham I, Nguyen NB, Okwuonu GO, Prabhakar S, Perales L, Pu LL, Puente XS, Quesada V, Ranck MC, Raney BJ, Raveendran M, Deiros DR, Rocchi M, Rodriguez D, Ross C, Ruffier M, Ruiz SJ, Sajjadian S, Santibanez J, Schrider DR, Searle S, Skaletsky H, Soibam B, Smit AF, Tennakoon JB, Tomaska L, Ullmer B, Vejnar CE, Ventura M, Vilella AJ, Vinar T, Vogel JH, Walker JA, Wang Q, Warner CM, Wildman DE, Witherspoon DJ, Wright RA, Wu Y, Xiao W, Xing J, Zdobnov EM, Zhu B, Gibbs RA, Wilson RK.